The tool of knowing core stakeholder, the community with whom you operate or intend

to operate & sell your product or services in sustainable manner.

Socio Economic Survey of PAP, PAF, PAV& Periphery.
Social Impact Assessment of PAP, PAF, PAV& Periphery.
Social Impact Management.

SES, SIA & SIM is very important tool of CSR to know about their core stakeholder, the “community” where they operate or intend to operate, sell their product or services & positivenegative impacts the business put over society, environment & community. Knowledge of these in advance can help decision-makers in deciding whether the project should proceed, proceed with some changes, dropped completely or to develop mitigation plans for achieving the corporate objectives. The days are gone when these study are of one time requirement for getting License, now it is important for day to day business activity to operate.

Social impact assessment (SIA) based on Socio economic survey (SES) playsa pivotal role of business sustainability.

SES & SIA is essential in the changed dynamics of Indian social & democratic system where stakeholder’s are more sensitive & empowered by various constitutional rights, easy access of information & active role of NGO and media.

The days are gone when business acceptability was easier and simple. Today business fraternity needs to understand the society, their strength, needs, impactof business on their life & their expectations.

SES & SIA is tool for any business organization to know about their core stakeholder, the community where they operate or intend to operate & sell their product or services in sustainable manner. The study helps your business sustainability by making feasible decisions about the transformation of the society living around your business or your specific cause.

Previously SIA was the part of EIA report in brief, aiming only to get the license & clearances but now this becomes imperative part of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act (LARR Act) 2013, The Companies Act, 2013 and many other acts & policies. Considering the growing opposition by the community, NGO, environmentalist and gap of faith between corporate & community makes it important to understand the community and necessitate taking of proactive steps, which will possible only through SES & SIA.


Socio-Economic Survey

1. To ascertain the total population affected by the project.
2. To classify different categories of Project Affected Persons (PAPs) and Project Affected Families (PAFs) on the basis of demographic 

    data such as Sex, Age, Gender, Occupation, Education, Income, Religion, Caste, Language, Marital Status.
3. To provide baseline data for Planning & Decision making.
4. To ensure that no PAP, PAF or vulnerable group is left out.
5. To ascertain opinion of affected families in respect of project proponent & project.
6. Details of members of the family who are permanently residing prior to publication of notice under.
7. Families who are likely to lose, or have lost, fully or partially their house, agricultural land, employment or are alienated wholly or

   substantially from the main source of their trade, business, occupation or vocation including income derived from formal sector and

   nonfarm activities.
8. Agricultural laborers and non-agricultural laborers.
9. Families belonging to the Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe categories.
10. Vulnerable persons such as the disabled, destitute, orphans, widows, unmarried girls, abandoned women, or persons above fifty

      years of age; who are not provided with alternative livelihood, and who are not otherwise covered as part of a family.
11. Families that are not having homestead and are below poverty line but continuously residing more than three years and are affected

      by proposed project.
12. Scheduled Tribes families who were in possession of forest lands in the affected area.

Social Impact Assessment (SIA)

Social Impact Assessment is the processes of collecting information of impact on society due to development of industrial and infrastructure projects, whether positive and negative or any social changes & helps in decision making, mitigation plan formulation.

1. The goal is to bring about a more ecologically, socio-culturally and economically sustainable and equitable environment.
2. It therefore, promotes community development and empowerment, builds capacity, and develops social capital.

    (social networks and trust).
3. The focus of SIA is a proactive stance to development and better development outcomes.
4. Assisting communities and other stakeholders to identify development goals and ensuring that positive outcomes are maximized,

    can be more important than minimizing harm from negative impacts.
5. It is essential to work within a regulatory framework.
6. SIA contributes to the process of adaptive management of policies, programs, plans and projects, and therefore needs to inform

    the design and operation of the planned intervention.
7. SIA builds on local knowledge and utilizes participatory processes to analyze the concerns of interested and affected parties.
8. It involves stakeholders in the assessment of social impacts, the analysis of alternatives, and monitoring of the planned intervention.
9. The SIA reveals social, economic and biophysical impacts. Change in any of these domains will lead to changes in the other domains.
10.SIA therefore, develop an understanding for strategic mitigation planning and decision making.


SIA is an umbrella or overarching framework that embodies the evaluation of all impacts on humans and on all the ways in which people and communities interact with their socio-cultural, economic and biophysical surroundings. SIA thus has strong links with a wide range of impacts such as archaeological and cultural heritage impacts, community impacts; cultural impacts; demographic impacts; development impacts; economic and fiscal impacts; gender impacts; health and mental health impacts; impacts on indigenous rights; infrastructural impacts, institutional impacts; tourism impacts; political impacts (human rights, governance, democratization etc); poverty; psychological impacts; resource issues (access and ownership of resources); impacts on social and human capital; and other impacts on societies.

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“CSR much talked, Sustainability discussed in length, Innovation much thought,
to be responsible you need to understand your community first.”
A C JHA– Principal consultant & Mentor—ISSRC-CSR